The drums themselves are made of wood and covered with animal skin, usually from cows or water buffaloes. Each drum has a distinct pitch and produces a unique sound when struck with the hands. The drums are arranged counterclockwise from smallest to biggest, with a gap for a back gate. Pat Waing drummers use this gate to enter the drum circle, where they sit in the middle to play. The ensemble is often accompanied by other instruments such as cymbals, gongs, and bamboo flutes.
Pat Waing (the drums) and Hsaing Waing (the ensemble) are an integral part of Myanmar's traditional music. Hsaing Waing is commonly performed in festivals, ceremonies, and theatrical performances. The music created by the ensemble is lively, energetic, and rhythmic, creating an immersive and captivating experience for the listeners. The instrument and its ensemble hold cultural and artistic significance, and are part of the musical heritage and identity of the Myanmar people.
In recent years, Pat Waing has gained international recognition and appreciation, and it has been performed on various stages around the world, contributing to the promotion and preservation of Myanmar's rich musical traditions.