Water puppetry is a traditional form of Vietnamese theater. The exact origin of water puppetry in Vietnam is not clear, but it is believed to have originated in the villages of the Red River Delta in northern Vietnam around the 11th century. According to legend, it was created by Vietnamese farmers as a form of entertainment during the monsoon season when their fields were flooded. The farmers would stand in the water and manipulate puppets on the surface while telling stories, songs, and jokes. Over time, water puppetry became a popular art form and began to be performed in temples, communal houses, and even in the royal palace. Today, it is considered a cultural treasure of Vietnam and continues to be performed for audiences both within the country and around the world.