Hans Arp, a German-French Dadaist, wrote of the movement:
“Revolted by the butchery of the 1914 World War, we in Zurich devoted ourselves to the arts. While the guns rumbled in the distance, we sang, painted, made collages, and wrote poems with all our might.”
To learn more about the Dada movement, see Resource 1.
The term “readymades” was coined by Marcel Duchamp to classify manufactured goods that were incorporated into his works of art.
Duchamp created Fountain in 1917 and submitted it to the Society of Independent Artists. It was not put on display. He argued that a piece of art is valuable based on the placement and context of the piece rather than the technical skill put into it.
To see more of Duchamp’s work, see Resource 2.
The Fountain Activity Guide